Water constitutes one of the most basic requirements for survival of humankind as well as flora and fauna. It is essential for a sustainable, balanced ecosystem which is conducive for man to live. Years of abuse of the ecosystem has broken the natural hydrological cycle and has rendered water a scarce commodity in many parts of the world. A systematic approach to arrest this process of envirommental degradation is imperative for survival as well as to make land productive to support food security to the ever increasing population.
APMAS works with local communities and the Government to restore and secure favourable conditions of water flows using the watershed approach. The involvement of local communities is critical. APMAS involves the communities, channelizing their native knowlege and willingness to improve productivity of land to affect sustainable changes in the local environment. The watershed approach is recognized the world over as an eco-friendly and economical solution to water management and soil erosion.
APMAS complements the Government's Integrated Water Management Program by providing technical know-how and training farmers to revitalize their fallow lands through effective water and soil management.
Besides the soft skills required for proper stewardship of natural resources, APMAS trains and supervises construction of various water conserving structures using the tried and tested Ridge-to-Valley approach.
APMAS promotes dryland horticulture and agriculture among communities in accordance with the available water resources and soil conditions. These efforts have yielded commendable results in some of the most water-scarce regions by reviving agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry in these areas. One of the remarkable results is that some of the people who had earlier migrated to urban areas in search of livelihoods have returned once their lands have become productive.
For more information read:Integrated Watershed Management in India: Strategic Policy and Institutional Options - Publised by ICRISAT