News

Backdrop

Mahila Abhivruddhi Society has provided technical support to DLRCs (District Livelihood Resource Centres) and CLRCs (Cluster Livelihood Resource Centres) in Adilabad and Kadapa districts of undivided Andhra Pradesh from 2004 to 2010. Based on the experiences gained through the DLRCs and CLRCs, MAS has decided to implement IWMPs directly to work with poor farmers to enhance their livelihood activities by optimum utilization of Natural Resources. The Government of Andhra Pradesh was sanctioned a total of 6 mega watersheds for direct implementation in a phased manner - two mega watershed programs in 2009-10 and two in 2010-11 in Adilabad & Anantapur districts and two in 2011-12 in Chittoor district.

Farm pond -small ruminants drinking water


Project Info


Goal Harnessing, Conservation and Development of degraded natural resources, introduction of multi-cropping and diverse agro based activities; promotion of sustainable livelihoods and increasing the   household incomes
Objective Conserve,improve efficacy and management of Natural Resources through vibrant Peoples’ Institutions.
Location Nallamada, Reddipalli, Ramasamudram, and V.Kota mandals in Ananthapur and Chittoor districts
Outreach 3927, 4133, 3851, 3736 = 15647 hectares
Period            Each watershed is up to 7 years
Donor GoAP
Team  Project Officer (1), Technical Officers (3), Computer Operator (1) for each WCC (two mega watersheds)  
This project contributes to achieve promotion of livelihood opportunities through optimum utilization of natural resources. This in turn contributes to achieving the SDG1 & 13; No Poverty and Climate Action.

Farmer getting and pumping water to farm

Major Activities & Achievements – Component wise

The time frame has ended for Nallamada project (Batch-1) of Ananthapur district as on 31st March 2017. We have prepared asset register and handed over to the concerned gram Panchayat Presidents and MPDO in the presence of MPDO and Panchayat Secretary on the occasion of Watershed Vijayothsava Sabha.


1. Entry Point Activities


# Name of the Activity Nallamada Reddypalli Chokkan-dlapalli Mudaramdodd Total
Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin
1
Cattle trough
25
4.34
21
3.67
33
4.94
31
4.10
110
17.05
2
Custom hiring centre
0
0
       
4
6.44
4
6.44
3
Fertility camp for animals
19
2.38
10
1.25
       
29
3.63
4
Animal health camps
57
8.03
34
5.57
   
4
0.60
95
14.2
5
Single works
1
0.69
9
1.14
   
7
0.46
17
2.29
6
Supply of Trevices
12
1.44
10
1.20
   
2
0.25
24
2.89
7
Kitchen gardens        
6
0.25
   
6
0.25
8
Village knowledge centre        
2
2.96
2
2.27
4
5.23
9
Drinking water tank            
4
0.67
4
0.67
10
Solar street lights    
2
0.21
23
5.73
10
0.58
35
6.52
11
Infrastructure and repairs in schoolbuildings            
2
0.31
2
0.31
12
RO water plants    
2
5.08
       
2
5.08
TOTAL
114
16.88
88
18.12
64
13.88
66
15.68
332
64.56

2. Institution & Capacity Building

The promotions of Institutions like user groups, Joint Liability Groups were formed in the initial state of project. However, all the institutions promoted in IWMP were converted as Rythu Sangams under G4 and GIC projects for further strengthening with regular follow up of meetings, doubts clarifications, trainings, exposures etc


3.Natural Resource Management


The major activities taken up under NRM and EGS activities are Panta Sanjeevani, Farm Ponds, DOPs under water harvesting structures, construction of check walls, Gabian structures, repairs of check dams, repairs of existing percolation tanks and mini percolation tanks, avenue plantations, dry land horticulture, fodder development and construction of cattle tubs etc for the worth of Rs. 2043.94 Lakhs.




Name of the Activity Nallamada Reddypalli Ramasamudram V.Kota Total
Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure
Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin Phy Fin
Land development                    
Silt Application 0 0 0 0 6 0.37 0 0 6 0.37
NADEP Compost pit 122 13.94 176 21.94 81 7.1 86 9.19 465 52.17
Threshing Floors 0 0 0 0 3 3.76 2 1.48 5 5.24
LD Others 1 1.09 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1.09
Sub Total 123 15.03 176 21.94 90 11.23 88 10.67 477 58.87
Soil conservation works                    
Staggered Trenches 29 94.36 21 37.57 3 0.54 5 2.73 58 135.2
Water Absorption Trench at Foot Hills 14 23.78 22 35.6 5 0.71 8 0.65 49 60.74
Loose Boulder Structure 27 4.61 26 2.19 22 3.02 48 2.16 123 11.98
Rock Fill Dam 68 22.51 28 9.74 10 0.94 24 2.55 130 35.74
Sunken Pit 61 2.01 24 1.27 5 0.19 7 0.28 97 3.75
Gabion SMC 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.12 1 0.12
Sub Total 199 147.3 121 86.37 45 5.41 93 8.49 458 247.54
Water harvesting works                    
Farm Pond 239 105.2 328 158.87 91 40.16 273 149.6 931 453.82
Mini Percolation Tank 2 1.12 0 0 0 0 1 0.29 3 1.41
Dugout Pond 9 5.17 9 7.85 150 54.44 32 11.03 200 78.49
Percolation Tank 1 4.51 1 1.82 0 0 1 1.39 3 7.72
Check Wall 2 2.06 4 4.74 0 1.03 28 27.01 34 34.84
Check Dam 1 3.55 7 15.95 0 0 7 6.87 15 26.37
Gabion WHS 3 2.1 0 0 0 0 2 0.69 5 2.79
Surface Storage Pond 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1.44 3 1.44
Sub Total 257 123.7 349 189.23 241 95.64 347 198.3 1194 606.89
Repairs                    
Repairs to existing  Percolation Tank 0 0 2 0.65 39 18.13 6 3.37 47 22.15
Repairs to existing Check Dam 4 1.31 0 0 85 50.45 72 42.86 161 94.62
Repairs to existing Check Wall 0 0 0 0 3 2.17 0 0 3 2.17
Sub Total 4 1.31 2 0.65 127 70.76 78 46.23 211 118.95
Afforestation works                    
Avenue Plantation 4 12.87 2 6.55 8 34.4 5 25.73 19 79.55
Barren Hill Afforestation 6 5.43 1 0.3 0 0 0 0 7 5.73
Block Plantation in CPR Lands 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3.51 2 3.51
Seed Dibbling 6 0.42 1 0.03 1 0.03 0 0 8 0.48
Bund Plantation 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0.67 6 0.67
Block Plantation In Private Lands 1 0.59 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.59
Cost of Tall plants 0 0 0 0 5 0.55 3 0.42 8 0.97
Live Fencing with Agave/Henna 0 0 0 0 13 0.4 2 0.07 15 0.47
Greening of Hillocks 0 0 6 2.39 0 0 0 0 6 2.39
Sub Total 17 19.31 10 9.27 27 35.37 18 30.4 72 94.35
Horticulture works                    
Dry Land Horticulture (Under EGS) 698 495.2 204 191.63 105 65.7 215 143.1 1222 895.67
Dry Land Horticulture (Under IWMP) 0 0 0 0 2 0.6 0 0 2 0.6
Horticulture With MIP (Under EGS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.96 1 0.96
Sub Total 698 495.2 204 191.63 107 66.31 216 144.1 1225 897.24
Livestock                    
Raising of Perinnial Fodder 8 0.61 0 0 133 6.82 216 6.47 357 13.9
Cattle Troughs 3 1.09 2 0.56 1 0.18 23 4.26 29 6.09
Sub Total 11 1.7 2 0.56 134 7.01 239 10.73 386 20
Worksite facilities                    
Worksite Facilities 0 0 1 0.08 0 0 0 0 1 0.08
Sub Total 0 0 1 0.08 0 0 0 0 1 0.08
Grand Total 1309 803.6 865 499.73 771 291.72 1079 448.9 4024 2043.94

4.Production System Improvement

Under Production System Improvement, the support of 103.22 lakhs was given to Village organizations by IWMP towards purchase of farm implements and dairy development. In this connection we had facilitated to procure agricultural and dairy development implements, distributed to the farmers with 50% subsidy and remaining 50% was is farmer contribution to the VO account.


# Name of the Project Allocation in lakhs Expenditure % of Expenditure
1 Nallamada 61.26 53.45 87.25
2 Reddypalli 49.60 39.93 80.50
3 Chokkandlapalli 46.21 6.82 14.76
4 Mudaramdoddi 44.83 3.02 6.74
TOTAL
201.9
103.22
51.12

5. Innovations and Experiments

Massive scale of Pantasanjeevini (farm ponds) activities were taken up to harvest surface water, storing and recharge of ground level water as part of priority of Government of AP to protect rain water and recharge of ground water table under both IWMP and NREGS.


# Name of the project No of Farm Ponds Total Rs. In lakhs
Total workdays generated
Female Male Total
1 Nallamada 239 105.20 150987 137672 288659
2 Reddypalli 328 158.87 107039 92476 199515
3 Ramasamudram 91 40.16 25686 18505 44191
4 V.Kota 273 149.60 74257 57514 131771
TOTAL 931 453.82 357969 306167 664136

Challenges/ Constraints

  • Target approach and more emphasis on spending rather than adopting process oriented approach
  • Delay in admin & works sanction
  • Delay in labour and material payment leading to unrest among the communities
  • Political interference
  • Continued drought in districts like Ananthapur

Way Forward

  • Plan for the IWMP works taken up for the NRM balance amount
  • Grounding of PSI units through VOs in Nallamada and identification of beneficiaries and submit proposals in Chittoor District
  • Follow up and monitoring of LH units and send UC to DWMA through VO (IKP)
  • Priority for soak pits in all the households in watershed villages
  • Priority of completion of WHS in 90 days as per the instructions from the Government of Andhra Pradesh under Neeru Pragathi
  • Ensure convergence and complementarity among the IWMP, NREGS and GIC and G4 Projects

Photos

Farm pond -small ruminants drinking water

Nadep compost unit OGU micro Ws

Mango yield under DLH – IWMP

Fodder development Mudaramdoddi Ws

Surface pond BC Palli micro Ws

Nallamada Project Vijayotsava Sabha

Handing over of asset registers to GP and MPDO, Nallamada